Os Stoma Stomach
Following several overviews concerned with nose, mouth, lips, pharynx and
larynx, it is time to explore some ideas that emerge from ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, GUT
or in medical parlance ABDOMEN. Another overview explores "BELLY".
Balzac had a "ventral" prominence and
the ability to "vent" ideas in
great literary works. (Rodin)
"OS" and "STOMA" are found in "mouth or opening" and
The term ANA-STOM-OS-IS refers to the joining of "stom"
with "os". Accordingly, the
os or oral cavity refers to mouth and STOMACH to a "cavi-tated" organ. STOMATITIS refers to an inflammation of the oral
"cavi-ty" and STOMATOLOGY to the
study of ailments of the oral cavity.
The ESOPHAGUS is a cavitated or tube-like contractile muscular organ that connects the oral
cavity with the STOMACH cavity or the "belly" which in Spanish is VIENTRE. The links
of VIENTRE with VENtral, VENtilate and VENtriloquist are left for later
but note that "el VIENTRE" or "belly" occupy a VENTRAL or anterior position in
the body. Another cardinal point is that VIENTRE and VENTRICLE imply that such
structures are CAVITATED as are the cardiac and cerebral VENTRICLES. Cavitated
tumors are also described by words containing "Cele" or "Coele" as in encephaloCELE or
Rotund people tend to
become round. (Titian)
In Greek, OISOPHAGUS or in English GULLET or ESOPHAGUS point toward OISO for
"to carry" and PHAGUS for "to eat" or deglut or swallow. Other implications emerge from the Germanic
and Slavic root "SCHLUN" linked with broader ideas for saliva and
stomach. The broader implications in
STOMACH describe a bulging area below the nipples and above the pubis.
From STOM-ACH, two ideas emerge, "stoma" for "cavity" and the "ACH"
for "caca" or excrement generation.
Prosperous people tend to
have a "gut" . (Helst)
Regarding ABDOMEN or VIENTRE, the concepts are related to ABDUCT as
in "hide" and "take away" as well as WINDy BAG
which points to BELCHING.
The umbilical cord anchors
the fetus to the placenta. The navel
is a protrusion or "boss"
or "umbo" marking the insertion point
of the umbilical cord on
the ventral or abdominal wall. (van
The ABDOMINAL cavity evolves from an OMPHALIC sack. In adults, what
remains is the OMPHALOS or the "belly button" or the point from which the ANCHOR or
NAVEL or UMBILICAL cord attached the fetus to the placenta. Failed abdominal wall development gives rise to many sorts of BIRTH DEFECTS. Among the most serious are GASTRO-SCHISIS, and OMPHALO-CELE - "schisis"
as in "schism" for split and "cele" for "hernia" or
"sac" for "cavitated" tumors.
Umbo - a cone or beehive
like protrusion often
at the center of offensive weapons
Boss - protuberance
on the tips of wooden
cylinders used to scroll papyrus texts.
The importance of the umbilicus or OMPHALON was
recognized by the ancients. The omphalon of the world, for some, was
located in Delphi and for others in Crete. Delphi was
dedicated to Apollo the "enlightener" and
Crete was the site where baby Zeus shed
the stump of his umbilical cord. Another ancient story honors OMPHALE
who was the "anchor" of Hercules - their mutual love
helped control his
impulsive and at times brutal nature. Hercules was truly "bound"
and bonded to Omphale. Malformations of the abdominal wall such as
"Prune" "Belly" syndrome, omphalocele or gastroschisis are included
in another review concerned with Belly,
Gut, and Phallus.
Omphale captivating and
scolding Hercules. (Lemoyne) - (Rubens)
Queen Shiba asked Solomon "What is it that has ten
openings? When one is open, nine are closed. When one is
closed, the nine open." The answer underscores that upon
birth the umbilical flow ceases and the body's orifices open.
Additional vistas concerning the above may be found
by exploring previous posted illustrated overviews concerned with
Compiled by W. Wertelecki, M.D.