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Asphyxiate
Cunnilingus
Deglutition
Deglutible
Engorge
Epiglottis
Fauce
Faucet
Garganta
Gargantua
Gargantuan
Gargle
Gargon
Gargoyle
Gloss
Glossa
Glosso
Glota
Glottis
Glue
Glut
Gluten
Glutton
Glossa
Glossary
Gloso
Glottis
Glue
Glut
Gluten
Glutton
Gorge
Gorgeous
Gorgon
Gory
Gourmand
Gourmet
Gurgitate
Gullet
Ingurgitate
Jargon 
Language
Lingo
Lingua
Linguistics
Medusa
Pharynx
Regurgitate
Serbia
Scratch
Scribble
Scythe
Scythian
Suffocate
Swallow
Swell
Throat
Throttle
Tongue
Vita
Vital
Vitality
Vitamin
Vitreum
Viva
Vivid
Vomit
Tongue
Glossa Glossary Glottis
Lingua Lingo Language
Glutton Glue Glut Gluten Deglut Deglutition
Gorge Gorgeous Gorgon Gourmet Regurgitate Vomit
Gargle Gargoyle Gory Jargon

Like other concepts concerned with vital subjects, TONGUE, ~GLOSS~, ~LING~, and ~GLUT~ give rise to a PLEXUS of word-ideas rooted in mythology as well as to names for comPLEX functions and structures.

We explore elsewhere THROAT, PHARYNX, FAUCES or GARGANTA and GARGLING which refers to sounds of liquids and air mixing in the oro-pharynx. The oro-pharynx or FAUCES which are like a FAUCET, canal or GORGE and give rise to the terms enGORGED, inGURGITating, reGURGITation (VOMITing), - Belly, Gut, Belch, - Abdomen, Abduct, Stoma, Stomach, Gastric, Gastroschisis, Omphale, Omphalocele are also explored elsewhere.

 

Le Dejeuner/ Le Gouter (Verheyden) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

Le Roi Boit (Jordaens) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

Imbibing requires coordinated actions by lips, pharynx,  tongue or "glosso" and epiglottis which make the fluid glide smoothly and free from gargles thus glissade in a  similar manner to a musical "glissando".

 

Le Roi Boit (Jordaens) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

Ingurgitating alcohol induces regurgitation and  vomitting.

The tongue is used for SWALLOWing or deGLUTion. In addition, humans use their tongue or LINGUA for other LINGUAL and LINGUISTICS purposes. In Greek and Slavic, GLOSSA gives rise to GLOSSARY while Yenzyk and Yesyk mean language and tongue.

 

Relief Sculpture - Field Museum, Chicago, USA

Le Roi Boit (Jordaens) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

Vow by blood letting from the tongue.

Imbibing to ebriety can induce imbecilic behavior.

Love of eating has to do with GOURMAND and GOURMET. Excessive eating may be due to a GARGANTUAN appetite, a prototype popularized by Rabelais who wrote about GARAGANTUA. Gargantua points to GARGLE and to GORGE which he did until his Gargantua GLUTTON habit of DEGLUTTING or swallowing Frenchmen living near Rouen was stopped when he was killed by some good Bishop. Since then, the Roman Church has abstained from reporting about gargantuan giants roaming France. What persists to this day are some people with a  GARGANTUAN or excessive love for eating. A current epidemic of GORGING harms the health of many otherwise GORGEOUS people. Obesity is a disease that deforms and its victims may appear to some as being GORY creatures. Also many mammals lick their young and some humans engage in cunniLINGus while others use their tongues to preach, but such subjects are not for review here. Note that modern GLUTTONS no longer GORGE on Frenchmen - instead they GORGE on french fries and other GLUTENS. Other GOURMANDS become so ENGORGED from GORGING on GLUE and GLUTENS that they can resemble GARGOYLES. Such excesses would be impossible without a healthy GULLET and a sturdy EPIGLOTTIS. As the tongue moves backward, it squeezes the nutrients toward the epiglottis, a flap or valve like lid which covers the entrance to the larynx, thus preventing food from entering the respiratory system.

     
Le Satyre et el Paysan (Jordaens) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium  

Le Martyre de Saint Lievin (Jordaens) - Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium

A sign of megalomania may be megaloglossia or "talking too much". Macroglossia may be a clinical sign of some serious dysmorphologic syndromes.   Those who preach may suffer martyrdom including glossectomy, as poor St. Leivin did.
 

 

 
Tongues move like SNAKES and can be used for SNEAKY purposes. The ancients created the GORGON who had snakes for hair and was quite deadly. GORGON, GORGE, GORE also point to JARGON. Notably, the obese suffer not only from being ENGORGED but also from JARGO words being used in  pejorative ways to degrade them.

From Roman sayings, it is clear that the ancients viewed the tongue as a menace. Some of their views could be summarized as

"Domitus Glossa"
(Tame your tongue)

Others noted that by talking too much we earn our enemies or that by eating too much we dig our own graves.

 

Medusa (Bichi) - Capitoline Museums, Rome, Italy

Calf Head and Ox Tongue (Caillebotte) - Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA

Some sneaky tongues wag like snakes.

Note the epiglottis at the base of the tongue.

- Compiled by W. Wertelecki, M.D.


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