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Dis Disease Disability

DISEASE or to be ILL or to have an AILment is to be "NOT at EASE". For early Christians, to be SICK, implied that a demon or vampire drained the VITality of the victim. DIS implies separation, as in DISsolve, DIScourage, DISease, DISability and DISorder. The ancients linked DISEASE to DIS, who ruled in HADES or the underworld. The belief was that DIS victimized mortals by DISassociating them from their VITality.  Those who lose their salubrity or health often feel separated from their VITAL resolve, courage, sense of ease or  ability to order or control their capabilities.

Meningitis can cause seizures and strabismus (squint). Disease Distress

Organic DISeases cause physical SIGNS perceptible by others. Functional DISeases result in SYMPTOMS that patients report to others. One example of both is an altered PSYCHE which may cause some to complain and others to behave abnormally and be called "insane" or having a mental disease.

DISEASE in Ukrainian is KHOROBA and JOROBA in Spanish is HUMP or GIBBUS. KHOROBA and JOROBA underscore the idea of being "burdened" and HUMP conveys ideas of bend or bent. Since antiquity, people had a HUNCH that a HUMP was a sign of a serious disease later called tuberculosis. Artists also knew that humps were common among gnomes.

Once humps were a sign of tuberculosis. A hunchback refers to spinal Kyphosis or bending.

Many legends perpetuate the HUNCH that touching the HUMP of a HUNCHBACK will bring good fortune. This HUNCH is probably rooted in the idea that GNOmes, being small, KNOw where treasures are hidden. GNOme, dwarf, midget, pigmy, leprechaun, elf are a few of many words that describe nuances of various sorts of "little people". Short stature syndromes are complex and we had to dedicate several illustrated overviews to the subject. In any case, consider if "little people" are "dis-ease-d", and if not, are they "normal"? This question underscores core issues of what is meant by "disease". Most physicians think of disease as an active process associated with diminished stability or homeostasis.

LIVEr DISease DISsolves LIVliness (Cirrhosis).

It is self-evident that sub-optimal VITtal STAbility implies a lessened chance for surVIVAL. Many DISeases DISsolve some degree of VITality or homeoSTAsis, a concept concerned with biologic STAbility or health. To avoid DISsolving the VITality of this review, further comments about DISease are omitted except to afFIRM that inFIRMity implies "less firm" or less "STAble" and therefore is consonant with the idea of DISease, fundamentally being a diminished homeoSTAsis. In contrast, the homeoSTAsis of STAtic DISabilities is often STAble.

DISabilities caused by neuromuscular syndromes are incapacitating.

"Natural" healing occurs when DISeased organisms recover their homeostasis, and become "healed" or "healthy". Other ailments cause a permanent scar (sequelae) or diminished homeostasis and the organism remains DISabled or DISfunctional. The FATe of organisms with FATal disorders  implies that loss of homeostasis needed to uphold VITal FUNCTions cannot prevent the organism from becoming deFUNCT.
In popular parlance, malformations are called Birth Defects.

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