Nothing Nocturnal Night
Mara Mar Marathon Mars
This overview is concerned with DREAMS. Another
overview is dedicated to SLEEP which, in a way,
represents a reversible DEATH.
abandoned while asleep.
The ideas implicit in DREAM are related to those
found in NIGHT, NIGHTMARE and MARA. However those
who are awake can also dream. Another facet
concerns those persons who claim that their dreams
are special and should be accepted by others as
VISIONS or revelations, as was the case with some
who were declared to be saints. Scientific views
concerned with VISION
are presented separately.
The visions included in this overview are those
that could be called TRANsitory aspects of
dreaming and in the case of daydreaming referred
to as TRANces.
DREAM from DREMATI, DRAYATE, DORMIRE, SPATY,
LAMBATE, SLUIPEN, SLYPPYJ, and SOMNUS from
Sanskrit, Ukrainian, old German, Latin, and
Dutch convey ideas of sleep, to fall or slip
into sleep, slumber or weak and dormant or
somnolent. Sleep and dreaming can be induced
by hypnotics as well as pathologic cerebral
conditions such as encephalopathies. Terms like
delusion, illusion, delirium, hallucination or
fantastic fantasy describe nuances alluded to
later. In a poetic sense, delusions, in a way,
dilute reason and may delete rational objections.
The idea NIGHT may imply NO or NOTHING as in NIX,
NICHT, NICH or NICHOHO in Latin, German and
Ukrainian. However, having a DREAM is inherent to
the process of SLIPing into nightly SLEEP. To this
day, we say "good night", a reflection of the
realization that those asleep may meet MARA,
the shaper of nightMARES. Scientists note that profound
sleeping as if "dead to the world" is less encumbered by dreams and
In mythology, MORPHEUS is the shaper of dreams
and points to MORPHINE, a NARCOTIC or substance
that induces NARCOSIS or numbness of sleep. The
task to craft FANTASTIC dreams, for the most part
pleasant, was given to PHANTASOS. As mentioned
earlier, one task of MARA is to MAR our sleep. In
fact the tasks of MARA are far greater. In modern
Hindi, MARA means to cause harm and death. In Sanskrit MRNATI denotes "to crush" and in Ukrainian, MARA
is the personification of evil as underscored by
MARNO, MARYTY, MARATY, MARYVO which denote bad
outcome, delirium, dream, and to soil. In Latin,
MOR, MORA, MORtis and MORire mean fate, delay,
death and to die. Such ideas underscore that
to SLIP into SLEEP is like placing a life in
suspense or "on deLAY". Those who do not awake
are called LATE. Some may be surprised that MARA
is also present in MARAthon which in fact is quite
logical since this sort of exercise or race
requires the ability to overcome suffering.
Several saints claimed that their dreams were
visions, in the sense that they illuminated a new
way. The words VEDA, VEDE, VYDNO, VIDE, VISUS,
VISUAL, from Sanskrit, Ukrainian and Latin mean
knowledge, guide, visible, see and vision. These
ideas articulate with VEDU, VEDE, WITAN, WEISE,
WIT, and WISE which in Sanskrit, Ukrainian, and
old English stand for I guide or lead, to know or
to show a way and sense, manner and mindfulness.
Some visions led to conversions.
Perhaps the above paragraph could be summarized by
"seeing is believing". It is also true that
VISions are VIStas that are indiVISible from the
indiVIDual perceiving them, that is, the reality
of VISions is psychic. Some scientists have
subjected their visions or inspirations to rigorous
confirmation tests on the basis of reason, that is
by methods accessible to others. On the other hand,
religious visions and revelations are examined by
theologians in terms of faith and
dogma instead of reason. In any case, the evolution
of Christian churches were shaped by religious
visions and revelations, the latest among which were
those that framed the Mormon Church. Currently in the USA, there is a resurgence of
religious fervor including visions and revelations
which seem to provide a basis for a "Newly-Born" form
of Christianity. Many among "Newly-Born" Christians
appears to sustains the view that their religious
visions must impact the legal and political process
to rectify the rest of the nation.
Delirium, delusions, hallucinations and fantasies,
denote perceptions that are not based on reality.
It is relevant to grasp the contrasts between these
terms. In modern medical parlance, delirium implies
an acute reversible cerebral disorder causing
serious disturbance of intellectual functions.
Unreal perceptions while awake, can be either delusions or fantasies. Delusions are felt to be
true in contrast to fantasies which are perceived
as unreal. Hallucinations are sensorial in nature
and can be induced by hallucinogenic drugs such as
mescaline or LSD, or in addicts be induced by
withdrawal of drugs such as alcohol.
dreams include those of Napoleon for his son.
Some addicts say they use drugs to "take a trip" away from reality. The
destructive effects of addictive hallucinogenic drugs are defined by ancient
roots found in delirium, hallucination and
illusion which point toward "leaving the alley"
and a state of "homelessness" or of "being lost".
|Pet owners learn that all
To close, it is in the nature of all young animals to
dream and fantasize - such is the energy that
prompts young animals to play - notably though, young animals do
not kill. Adult minds also fantasize and play with
psychological distractions, including "games" such as killing animals . It is a fact
that power corrupts the psyche and weakens reason.
Many of those who gain POLItical power seek to
impose personal visions as national POLIcies. An
early signal of an imbalance between vision and
reason is intolerance. Often the next
stage in a degenerative sequence is the promotion
of violence by the use of POLIce and POLIcing