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Russia Russify Rusyn Ruthenia


~ RUSSIA     formerly MOSCOVY or MUSCOVY      see> DEW
             THROUGH CONQUEST
             MOSCOW EMBRACED THE TITLE OF "ALL RUSSIAS"
             note RUSKYJ or RUSYN is AN ETHNIC TERM
                  STRETCHING BEYOND THE IDENTITY OF CURRENT
             "GREAT" RUSSIANS TO ENCOMPASS OTHER PEOPLE WHO
             SHARE ROOTS IN ANCIENT "RUS" CENTERED IN KIEV
             A MILLENNIUM AGO
             incl "LITTLE" RUSSIANS or UKRAINIANS
                  WHITE RUSSIANS or BELARUSSIANS etc
~ RUSSIFY    hx> RUSSIAN POLICY TO ERADICATE OTHER  see> GOGOL
                 ETHNIC GROUPS WITHIN THE REALM OF  sug> UKRAINE
             IMPERIAL "ALL RUSSIAS" or USSR         sug> ROSE
~ RUSYN      PEOPLE AND LANGUAGE FROM THE CARPATHIAN REGION
             MOSTLY IN UKRAINE formerly mostly in SLOVAKIA
~ RUTHENI    UKRAINIANS
~ RUTHENIA   former name for RUS now UKRAINE       see> RUSSIA
~ RUTHENIUM  sc> RU or Ru is a RARE VERY HARD METALLIC ELEMENT
                 obtained by Karl K KLAUSS [#] in 1844 formerly
  called RUTHENIUM for RUTHENI or UKRAINIANS
  RU is found in PLATINUM ORES
  hx> "MANY GREAT" RUSSIANS or MOSCOVITES   or MUSCOVITES
       OSTRACIZE              sug> OYSTER   sp MOSCA = FLY
  UKRAINIANS AS "LITTLE" RUSSIANS AND VIEW THE
  UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE A "DIALECT" BUT AT THE SAME TIME
  VIEW KYIV formerly in rus KIEV AS A "RUSSIAN MOTHER CITY"
  {akin to proclaim England to be a USA Province}
  note RUTH or RUSS or RUTHENIA are now part of UKRAINE
  "ALL RUSSIAS"  WERE CONQUERED BY MOSCOW WHO CHANGED FROM
  MOSCOVY TO A "RUSSIAN EMPIRE" RULED BY A CAESAR or CZAR or
  AN AUTOCRAT OF "ALL RUSSIAS"
  note RUSSIAN IS A MODERN LANGUAGE STRONGLY PROMOTED
       BY THE RUSSIAN COURT AND INFLUENCED BY
  GERMAN DUTCH FRENCH AND GREAT WRITERS   see> GOGOL  PUSHKIN
  RUSSIFICATION OF CONQUERED TERRITORIES WAS IMPOSED BY
  IMPERIAL AND BOLSHEVIK RUSSIA
  note that the UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE IS CENTERED IN KYIV AND
       SURVIVED MOSTLY IN RURAL AREAS PRESERVING ITS
  STRONG SLAVIC AND GOTHIC ROOTS            sug> GOTH
  note that strictly speaking the plural "RUSSIAS" is
       preferable to "RUSSIA" because its territories are
  inhabited by diverse branches of "RUSINS" or RUSYNS as per
  WHITE RUSSIA         sug> BELARUS
  RED RUSSIA           see> RUTHENIA now UKRAINE  
  the origin of the term RUS is obscure
  Finnish = RUOTSI
  lat       RUTHENI
  perhaps it relates to ROS ROSE ROSA or skt ROSIS = SHINE
  note in ukr ROSIA ROSA denote RUSSIA and DEW
  even more remote but of poetic interest may be that
  AS SLAVIC WOMEN WERE HIGHLY PRIZED BY TARTAR HORDES
  SEEKING SLAVES perhaps the RUS TERRITORIES also known as
  the LAND OF SIRENS lead to ideas of
  ukr RUSALKA  = MERMAID        see> SIRENOPODIA or SYMPUS
      RUS        name for UKRAINE in ANTIQUITY
      RUSIN      name for SLAV   as in RUSSIAN
  another theory points to REM    a popular Russian name
  lat REMUS = OARSMAN                       sug> TRIREME
  sp  REMO    OAR                           sug> UNCLE REMUS
  UKRAINE and KYIV  formerly KIEV
  WAS SETTLED BY NORSE PEOPLE WHO           sug> NORWAY
  DESCENDED RIVERS IN BOATS WITH OARS       sug> ROW
  hx> "RUSSIA" AROSE WITH IVAN "THE TERRIBLE" WHO
      DEVASTATED THE FREE CITIES SURROUNDING MOSCOW AND
  EXTENDED MUSCOVITE POWER EASTWARD TO REACH THE CAUCASUS
  WESTWARD or SOUTHWARD MOSCOW COULD NOT EXPAND BECAUSE OF THE
  POWERFUL KINGDOMS OF POLAND SWEDEN DENMARK AN TURKEY UNTIL
  PETER I DEFEATED SWEDEN WHO PREVIOUSLY HAD DEFEATED
  POLAND AND DENMARK
  PETER I BECAME KNOWN AS THE AUTOCRAT OF "ALL RUSSIAS"
  REFLECTING THE COLONIAL STATUS OF THE TERRITORIES OF
  POLAND  LITHUANIA  BELARUS  UKRAINE  ESTONIA  and LATVIA
  SOON AFTER CATHERINE II IMPOSED SERFDOM AND ELIMINATED
  THE COSSACKS AS A FREE STANDING SOCIAL ORDER
  CATHERINE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED "IMPERIAL RUSSIA" AND
  PROMOTED MODERN RUSSIAN COURT LANGUAGE
  note IVAN "THE TERRIBLE" and PETER "THE GREAT" HAD A
       DIRECT ROLE IN THE DEATH OF THEIR SONS
  note LENIN AND STALIN CONTINUED THE POLICIES OF THE CZARS
       THE BOLSHEVIKS BECAME THE NEW "AUTOCRATS" OF "ALL RUSSIAS"
  AFTER THE FALL OF THE USSR IN 1989
  THE RUSSIAN COLONIAL EMPIRE IS UNDER CHALLENGE    sug> UKRAINE
  lat         COLONUS = SERF                        sug> SLAVE
  lit+ " THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IS A DUST BIN           sug> SLAVIC
         THAT IS HELD TOGETHER BY THE RUSTY HOOP OF TSARDOM ... "
       attr to Theodor MOMMSEN [#]
  lit+ " RUSSIA HAS NEVER BEEN A NATIONAL STATE
         BUT A STATE OF NATIONALITIES " attr Alfred ROSENBERG [#]
        Minister under Adolf HITLER [64] pp 474
  note some contrasts between RUSSIA and her COLONIES may be
       evident from observations made 200 years ago
  lit+  " ... CONCERNING THE INHABITANTS OF
        THE COUNTRY CALLED MALO RUSSIA .. (slur for Ukraine)
        DIFFER ALTOGETHER FROM                 see> RUTHENIA
        THE INHABITANTS OF THE REST OF RUSSIA ...
        SUPERIOR TO THEM IN EVERY THING ...
        THE COSSACKS ARE JUSTIFIED IN ...
        WITHDRAWING AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE
        FROM ALL COMMUNION ...
        COSSACKS HAVE BEEN KNOWN AS            sug> MAZEPPA
        A DISTINCT PEOPLE                      sug> ATAMAN
        NEAR NINE HUNDRED YEARS ...
        FLED THE OPPRESSION OF THEIR NOBLES ...
        IN THE YEAR 948 ...                    sug> KYIV
        THE GREEK EMPEROR  EMPLOYED THEM ...
        AS THEY DETEST THE RUSSIANS
        A DAY MAY ARRIVE
        WHEN CONSCIOUS OF THEIR OWN IMPORTANCE
        THEY WILL MAKE THEIR MASTERS
        MORE FULLY SENSIBLE OF THEIR POWER ..."    sug> REVOLT
  from "RUSSIA TARTARY AND TURKEY" by Edward Daniel CLARKE [#]
  Fay  New York 1813 (a chronicle written in 1800)
  cont> in addenda under development see> ~& RUSSIA
  also sug> ~ UKRAINE  COSSACK
  see> RUTHENIA next

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